Some Environmental Studies references are given below. Other useful information is found in the Science page of this OTEC Website. Environmental Studies lesson plans can be found at many of the sites listed in the Lesson Plans page of this OTEC Website.
Global warming is a very important environmental issue. The following quotation comes from (accessed 12/3/03: http://www.nsf.gov/od/lpa/news/03/pr03129.htm). It was selected to emphasize the role of computational modeling in environmental studies.
This is an extensive project done by a student during 1996-96 in the Fermilab LInC program.
Air Quality Lesson Plans and Data from the Texas Natural
Resource Conservation Commission [Online]. Accessed
The information contained on these pages is designed to provide educators who teach kindergarten through 12th grade with the background, activities and resources to teach the subject of air quality in the classroom.
Against the backdrop of our high-tech space explorations and the sophistication of our communication technologies the fact that we know only a tiny fraction of the species that inhabit our planet seems implausible. And yet, it is a fact. While 1.97 million species have been identified throughout the centuries between 10 and 100 million species remain unknown.
The remoteness of one of the world's largest ecosystems has not made it immune from global environmental problems, according to a major new report on the state of Arctic biodiversity, funded in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF).
Controlled Ecological Mouse Support System Project Report [Online]. Accessed 6/5/01: http://chapters.MarsSociety.org/or/cemss/.
Gus Frederick <email@example.com> indicated in an email message dated 30 May 2001:In partnership with the Mars Society, Oregon chapter, I am putting together an Advanced Life Support System test bed. A "Mini-Biosphere" which I have dubbed "Controlled Ecological Mouse Support System," (CEMSS). In a nut shell, this is a sealed active solar greenhouse with hydroponics unit and mouse habitat.
Cornell Theory Center Math and Science Gateway. Accessed 11/24/02: http://www.tc.cornell.edu/Edu/MathSciGateway/. Quoting from the Website:
Welcome to the Math and Science Gateway! This Gateway provides links to resources in mathematics and science for educators and students in grades 9-12, although teachers of other levels may find these materials helpful. The Math & Science Gateway has won numerous awards and hopes to increase our success with input from internet community.
EarthWatch Institute [Online]. Accessed 12/2/01: http://www.earthwatch.org/index.html. Quoting from the Website:
The mission of the Earthwatch Institute is to promote sustainable conservation of our natural resources and cultural heritage by creating partnerships between scientists, educators and the general public.
Energy and Recycling: Museum of Solid Waste. Accessed 12/13/03: http://www.eia.doe.gov/kids/recycling/index.html. Quoting from the Website:
Environmental Education Resources from ERIC [Online] Accessed 5/31/01: http://www.ericse.org/eeindex.html.
Contains a large amount information, including 22 detailed lesson plans and many links to resources.
Environmental Protection Agency of the United States [Online]. Accessed 5/31/01: http://www.epa.gov/.
The EPA traces its roots to the first Earth Day, and still earlier. Quoting from the Website:American environmentalism dawned as a popular movement on a mild spring afternoon in 1970. Wednesday, April 22nd, brought blue skies, light breezes, and temperatures in the 60s to New York City and Washington, D.C. Much of the rest of the country enjoyed similar conditions. On that day, the influence of nature had particular meaning; the nation held a celebration of clean air, land, and water. Encouraged by the retreat of winter, millions participated.
Falk, Joni, and Drayton , Brian (January 25, 2001). Cultivating a Culture of Inquiry [Online]. Accessed 6/1/01: ttp://www.terc.edu/TEMPLATE/feature/lead.cfm. Quoting from the Website:
Educational reform programs at the national and state levels have mandated changes to promote a deeper understanding of science concepts through an inquiry-based approach to science education. Yet once the mandates have been issued, what does the reform actually look like in the classroom?
Global Warming (EPA Site) [Online]. Accessed 6/7/01: http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/. Quoting from the Website:
The EPA Global Warming Site is provided as a public service by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. EPA's climate change programs and activities are an integral part of the Agency's mission and purpose. With the Global Warming Site, we strive to present accurate information on the very broad issue of climate change and global warming in a way that is accessible and meaningful to all parts of society -- communities, individuals, business, public officials and governments.
Over the last century, the average temperature in Corvallis, Oregon, has increased 2.5°F, and precipitation has increased by up to 20% in many parts of the state, except along the leeward side of the Cascades where precipitation has fallen by 20%. These past trends may or may not continue into the future.
Grant Writing Tutorial from EPA, Purdue University [Online]. Accessed 6/4/01: http://www.epa.gov/seahome/grants/src/intro.htm. Quoting from the Website:
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognizes that lack of adequate funding may hamper the establishment of new or threaten existing environmental developing activities, such as solid waste management, in communities or non-profit organizations needing this kind of development. For this reason, EPA developed this program to help those communities and non-profit organizations identify financial assistance opportunities for their environmental-oriented development programs. Also, this program was developed to make it easier for applicants to produce more competitive grant applications.
Hemphill, Rosa. Email dated 5/30/01 and posted here with the permission of the author who can be reached at <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
Our school has been monitoring water quality in two different natural wetlands, and now in a small constructed wetlands. We generally use Chemetrics colorimetric kits for quick field tests (although we have used CBL dissolved oxygen probes in the field and found them more precise, but too time intensive for our monthly measurements). Students now take GPS measurements in the field, do colorimetric testing for dissolved oxygen and take temperature, then take samples for measuring and take pH using Vernier pH probes (on either computer or logger pro), colorimetric ammonia and phosphate. Students enter data in a research journal, but have also developed excel spreadsheets with their data for uploading to an intranet webmap of the wetlands. They also include digital images of their sites.
Journey North: A Global Study of Wildlife Migration [Online]. Accessed 5/30/01: http://www.learner.org/jnorth/. Quoting from this Annenberg/CBS Website:
Over 4,500 schools, representing more than 250,000 students, participated in the Spring, 2000 Journey North Program. These students are from all 50 U.S. States and 7 Canadian Provinces.
Moursund, D.G. IT-Assisted Project-Based Learning [Online]. Accessed 6/1/01: http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~moursund/PBL/.
IT is a powerful aid to doing studies of the environment. At the school level, environmental studies often involves students doing projects, and quite often students also take field trips. IT is a powerful aid to Project-Based Learning. The Website given in this reference contains the details of a 1.5 day workshop on IT-Assisted PBL. It also contains an annotated bibliography (with web links) for a number of resources to support Project-Based learning and Problem-Based Learning.
National Wildlife Federation [Online]. Accessed 11/15/01: http://www.nwf.org/. Quoting from the Website:
The National Wildlife Federation is the nation's largest member-supported conservation group, uniting individuals, organizations, businesses and government to protect wildlife, wild places, and the environment.
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) [Online]. Accessed 4/13/02: http://www.nerc.ac.uk/. Quoting from the Website:
The United Kingdom's Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) provides independent research and training in the environmental sciences. Our mission is to gather and apply knowledge, improve understanding and predict the behaviour of the natural environment and its resources.
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS): K-12 Education Initiatives. Accessed 11/24/02: http://www.niehs.nih.gov/od/k-12/k12home.htm. Quotinf grom the Website:
Human health and human disease result from three interactive elements: environmental exposures, individual susceptibility and age. The mission of the NIEHS is to reduce human illness and dysfunction from environmental exposures by understanding each of the these elements and how they interrelate. NIEHS achieves its mission by engaging in multidisciplinary biomedical research programs, prevention and intervention efforts, and communication strategies that encompass training, education, technology transfer and community outreach.
Recycle City. Accessed 12/13/03: http://www.epa.gov/recyclecity/. Quoting from the Website:
EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman has made school air quality one of her priorities, and she recently visited several schools to publicize her agency's efforts. The EPA has released a guide for schools that points out common, easy- to-fix problems, and the agency took part in School Building Day on April 19, a symposium at the National Building Museum in Washington that featured innovative school facilities practices. [See: http://www.epa.gov/iaq/schools/]
School Indoor Air Quality Assessment and Program Implementation white [Online]. Accessed 5/3/02: http://www.energy.wsu.edu/buildings/IAQ.htm.
This document discusses the results from doing air quality studies in a number of schools. The studies were done using a modest amount of equipment (such as a CO2 meter), and help from an outside expert.
TERC [Online]. Accessed 6/1/01: http://www.terc.edu/.
For many years, TERC has been facilitating national and international projects, many focusing on environmental areas such as acid rain and water pollution.
University of Oregon Environmental Studies Program [Online]. Accessed 5/30/01: http://www.uoregon.edu/~ecostudy/. Quoting from the Website:
Environmental Studies is a field that crosses the boundaries of traditional disciplines, challenging faculty and students to look at the relationship between humans and their environment from a variety of perspectives. The Environmental Studies Program at the University of Oregon draws upon the strengths of our campus community and our connections to the greater geographic area of the Pacific Northwest. Our students have the opportunity to integrate coursework in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities, as well as the professional programs of management, public policy, design, and law.
Whale Watcher: An Expert System Demo [Online]. Accessed 10/26/01: http://www.aiinc.ca/demos/whale.html.
Many people enjoy watching the migrating whales as they go north and south along the Oregon coast. This Website provides an Expert System (as example of use of Artificial Intelligence) to help people identify whales.