Science education is considered one of the four "basics" of
education and thus is strongly emphasized in K-12 education.
The Eisenhower National
Clearinghouse for mathematics and science is a good
starting point for finding mateials useful to teachers and
their students. Browse the annotated Reference
section of this OTEC Web Page for additonal general
Computational Science, along with Experimental
and Theoretical Science, are now the three main
ways of "doing" science. IT is a routine tool in
A Few Tidbits (That is, this page is under
Bird of the Week Website
Science (This topic is under development. I have
found a Google search on this topic to be quite
Grades 3-8 Science Lesson
Materials from TERC
in the Classroom (A Newberg, Oregon Website.)
Biology is a huge and growing filed. The human dgenome project, and work on the genomes of other species, has made a major contribution. This type of research is heavily dependent on computers and computerized equipment. The following (March, 2006) National science Foundation site is excellent! http://www.nsf.gov/news/overviews/biology/index.jsp
The following Press Release (November 18, 2002) from the National
Science Foundation describes one of the research areas
that they are currently funding.
NSF "Tree of Life
One of the most profound ideas to emerge in modern
science is Charles Darwin's concept that all of life,
from the smallest microorganism to the largest
vertebrate, is connected through genetic relatedness in a
vast genealogy. This "Tree of Life" summarizes all we
know about biological diversity and underpins much of
modern biology, yet many of its branches remain poorly
known and unresolved.
To help scientists discover what Darwin described as
the tree's "everbranching and beautiful ramifications,"
the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded $17
million in "Assembling the Tree of Life" grants to
researchers at more than 25 institutions. Their studies
range from investigations of entire pieces of DNA to
assemble the bacterial branches; to the study of the
origins of land plants from algae; to understanding the
most diverse group of terrestrial predators, the spiders;
to the diversity of fungi and parasitic roundworms; to
the relationships of birds and dinosaurs.
"Despite the enormity of the task," said Quentin
Wheeler, director of NSF's division of environmental
biology, which funded the awards, "now is the time to
reconstruct the tree of life. The conceptual,
computational and technological tools are available to
rapidly resolve most, if not all, major branches of the
tree of life. At the same time, progress in many research
areas from genomics to evolution and development is
currently encumbered by the lack of a rigorous historical
framework to guide research." Scientists estimate that
the 1.75 million known species are only 10 percent of the
total species on earth, and that many of those species
will disappear in the decades ahead. Learning about these
species and their evolutionary history is epic in its
scope, spanning all the life forms of an entire planet
over its several billion year history, said Wheeler.
Why is assembling the tree of life so important? The
tree is a picture of historical relationships that
explains all similarities and differences among plants,
animals and microorganisms. Because it explains
biological diversity, the Tree of Life has proven useful
in many fields, such as choosing experimental systems for
biological research, determining which genes are common
to many kinds of organisms and which are unique, tracking
the origin and spread of emerging diseases and their
vectors, bio-prospecting for pharmaceutical and
agrochemical products, developing data bases for genetic
information, and evaluating risk factors for species
conservation and ecosystem restoration.
The Assembling the Tree of Life grants provide support
for large multi-investigator, multi-institutional,
international teams of scientists who can combine
expertise and data sources, from paleontology to
morphology, developmental biology, and molecular biology,
says Wheeler. The awards will also involve developing
software for improved visualization and analysis of
extremely large data sets, and outreach and education
programs in comparative phylogenetic biology and
paleontology, emphasizing new training activities,
informal science education, and Internet resources and
BBC. Genes. Accessed 5/12/03: http://www.bbc.co.uk/genes/.
This is an excellent Website and resource for
students and teachers. It is usful both in social studies
and in science.
Journal of Biology. Accessed 11/24/02: http://jbiol.com/.
Quoting from the Website:
Journal of Biology is a new journal edited by
Martin Raff and an internationally renowned editorial
board. The journal aims to publish outstanding research
articles from all areas of biology and make them
immediately accessible to all, free of charge.
National Science Foundation: Report on Computational
Biology. Pattern Recognition Method Zeroes in on Genes that
Regulate Cell's Genetic Machinery. Accessed 5/15/03:
Quoting from the Website:
Daphne Koller, a computer science professor at
Stanford, is leading an effort to develop general models
for recognizing meaningful patterns that span many
related databases. This unique ability to "mix and match"
biological data sources gives the new method its power.
United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). USDA for
Kids. Accessed 1/13/03: http://www.usda.gov/news/usdakids/.
This site was designed specifically for school
age children. There is a lot of information and it has a
relatively low reading level. For example, are you
intersted in weather forecasts from an agricultural point
of view. Or, do you want to read about Smokey the Bear?
How about the 4-H, or the History of Agriculture?
- The branch of biology that deals with the internal
workings of living things, including such functions as
metabolism, respiration, and reproduction, rather than
with their shape or structure.
- The way a particular body or organism works.
Encarta® World English Dictionary © 1999
Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Developed for
Microsoft by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.
The American Physiological Society supports a variety of
educational activities, from the elementary grades through
continuing education for faculty. The APS offers materials,
resources, and programs at each educational level. Accessed
Colorful pictures and sound, and good content are
available at Bird of the Week [Online]. Accessed
The essence of computational science is the development
and use of computer models and simulations to represent and
help solve science problems. The science of Meteorology (the
scientific study of the Earth's atmosphere, including its
patterns of climate and weather) provides an excellent
example of applications of computational science. There are
many approaches to research in weather forecasting. The
steadily increasing power of computers has allowed the
development of computer models that incorporate the steadily
increasing theoretical and practitioner knowledge in this
field. The use of these computer models has lead to steadily
improving accuracy of weather forecasts.
Computation As a Tool for Discovery in Physics.(September
11-12. 2001). Accessed 5/4/03: http://www.lbl.gov/Conferences/NSF/Computation/.
Quoting the Overview from this NSF-sponsored conference
Given that computational physics has emerged,
along with experiment and theory, as a "third",
complementary, approach to discovery in physics, and
given the interest and enthusiasm developed by the
current national program in information technology, it
appears timely to identify the most outstanding
challenges and opportunities in computational physics and
how these may best be addressed given the current and
future prospects of computing power available to the
community. To address these issues, we have identified a
small, but broadly representative group of computational
scientists to act as a Steering Committee as a prelude to
an NSF sponsored workshop on emerging research
opportunities and strategies for computational physics.
The earthquake in the state of Washington on 2/28/01
provides a good example of a type of science topic that is
interesting to students both in science and in other areas
(such as social studies). Oregon has had earthquakes in
recent years. Over a longer time frame, Oregon has had
really major earthquakes and volcanoes. Thus, this is a
relevant topic for education in Oregon
Earthforce [Online]. Accessed 4/2/01: http://www.fi.edu/earth/earth.html.
Earthquakes for Kids & Grownups (USGS )
[Online]. Accessed 4/2/01: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/4kids/.
Earthquake Theme Page [Online]. Accessed 4/2/01:
Volcanoes [Online]. Accessed 4/2/01: http://www.learner.org/exhibits/volcanoes/entry.html.
Grades 3-8 Science Lesson
Materials from TERC
Founded in 1965, TERC
is a not-for-profit education research and development
organization in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
TERC's mission is to improve mathematics, science, and
technology teaching and learning. TERC works at the edges of
current theory and practice to:
- contribute to understanding of learning and
- foster professional development develop applications
of new technologies
- create curricula and other products support school
TERC has recently begun a new project that is developing
online science materials for grades 3-8. Quoting from the
Website Accessed 10/2/01:
With this project, TERC is redesigning the units
in the Kids Network series to incorporate a web-based
structure and delivery system and add a new unit for
grades 5-8. Each unit includes hands-on investigations,
online inquiries, activities for reading, writing and
communicating about the science content that is the focus
of the unit, and embedded assessments. This work is being
funded in part by a grant from the National Science
MBL tools are an innovative use of
new educational technology that enables students to learn
physical concepts in the science laboratory and classroom.
Learner-controlled explorations in the science laboratory
are aided by easy-to-use real-time measurement tools.
Student learning is aided by immediate feedback since the
MBL tools produce graphs as the measurements are being made.
Using such Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) sensors and
software students can simultaneously measure and graph such
physical quantities as position, velocity, acceleration,
force, temperature, light intensity, pH, pressure, sound
pressure, radiation, current and voltage.
Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MB)
is an important aspect of IT in science education. Professor
in the Department of Physics at the
University of Oregon is one of the international leaders in
Redish, Edward F. , Saul, Jeffery
M., and Steinberg, Richard N.On the Effectiveness of
Active-Engagement Microcomputer-Based Laboratories
[Online]. This article first appeared in the
American Journal of Physics, Vol. 65, 45-54 (1997);
©1997, American Association of Physics Teachers.
Accessed 6/30/02: http://www.physics.umd.edu/perg/papers/redish/mbl/mbl1.html.
Tquoting the Abstract:
One hour active-engagement
tutorials using microcomputer based laboratory (MBL)
equipment were substituted for traditional
problem-solving recitations in introductory
calculus-based mechanics classes for engineering students
at the University of Maryland. The results of two
specific tutorials, one on the concept of instantaneous
velocity and one on Newton's third law were probed by
using standard multiple-choice questions and a
free-response final exam question. A comparison of the
results of eleven lecture classes taught by six different
teachers with and without tutorials shows that the MBL
tutorials resulted in a significant improvement compared
to the traditional recitations when measured by carefully
designed multiple choice problems. The free-response
question showed that, although the tutorial students did
somewhat better in recognizing and applying the concepts,
there is still room for improvement.
Mineral Information Institute. accessed 11/2/02:
Quoting from the Website of this non-profit
The Mineral Information Institute (MII) is a national
501 (c)(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to
educating youth about the science of minerals and other
natural resources, and about their importance in our
every day lives.
Each year MII works with interested professional and
scientific associations, and various government and
education agencies, to help classroom teachers develop
materials that are directly usable by teachers in a
variety of subjects and a multitude of grade levels. All
programs require updating and maintenance to ensure their
continuing value and use in the classroom. MII will
provide that and will distribute those programs that
merit continued use.
Supported by corporations, foundations, scientific
associations, and individuals from across the nation, MII
distributes these materials free to classroom teachers to
supplement existing curricula. More than 29,000 K-12
classroom teachers in all 50 states, several Canadian
provinces, and foreign countries receive teaching
materials each year from MII.
- Introduce people to the social and economic
benefits of minerals and other natural resources, and
how they can be used in an environmentally responsible
- Present accurate and balanced information about
the science of minerals and other natural resources,
their geological occurrence, how they are used in
products we use every day, and other fact-based
- Work in cooperation with other organizations and
individuals to ensure that relevant and factual
educational materials are readily available to
teachers to improve the awareness and understanding
for the wise development and use of our natural
- Support teachers by surveying and evaluating the
effectiveness of classroom materials and improving
them as necessary.
The following is quoted from a Catlin Gable school site.
Catlin Gable is a private school located in Oregon.
Since 1992, Project PHYSLab has prepared high
school physics teachers to apply computer-based
technology to instruct students in the fundamental
concepts of physics. In these three-week summer
workshops, the participating teachers work with
Microcomputer-Based Laboratory (MBL) sensors to measure
physical properties such as motion, force, acceleration,
sound, temperature, magnetic fields, etc. Project PHYSLab
provides the participants with a wide variety of
physics-related software to analyze the data collected
with the MBL sensors. The MBL hardware and software are
integrated into a series of demonstrations and
experiments teachers can use with their students to teach
fundamental scientific ideas. The participating teachers
work through the workshop experiments just as their
students will during the following academic year.
Internet "Middleware" Gets $12 Million Boost
Three-year awards for R&D into tools for Internet
The National Science Foundation (NSF) today announced
three-year awards totaling almost $12 million for
development of "middleware" to help scientists and
researchers use the Internet to effectively share
instruments, laboratories and data, and to collaborate with
their colleagues. Middleware is software that connects two
or more otherwise separate applications across the
The NSF Middleware Initiative (NMI) will create and
deploy advanced network services for simplifying access to
diverse Internet resources. Two major teams -- the new GRIDS
(Grids Research Integration Deployment and Support) Center
and a group formed by the Internet2 consortium -- will lead
the NMI effort. The GRIDS Center will be a partnership of
the University of Southern California's Information Sciences
Institute (ISI), the National Center for Supercomputing
Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at
Urbana-Champaign, the University of Chicago (UC), the
University of California-San Diego and the University of
Wisconsin-Madison. The the University Corporation for
Advanced Internet Development (Internet2 group will consist
of EDUCAUSE and the Southeastern Universities Research
"Much as the NSFnet network in the mid-1980s and early
1990s laid the groundwork for the dramatic success of the
Internet," said Alan Blatecky, NSF middleware program
director, "we expect this new NSF program to lay foundations
for middleware infrastructure and spur adoption of the
advanced services that will define the networks and
distributed systems of tomorrow."
Comment: The NSF research awards are a
good source of state of the art activities in science,
mathematics, engineering, and technology. Sharing of
research resources is an important part of the future of
All Species Inventory
The creators of the All Species Inventory
project have set a 25-year deadline to catalog all living
species on the planet using the latest technology, thus
closing a serious gap in human knowledge, according to
project co-founder Stewart Brand. The project has an
ambitious goal: to provide a Web page for every species.
Project directors envision tools such as pattern
recognition software, the Internet, global positioning
systems, and DNA analysis speeding up the identification
and classification of species. There are currently only
about 10,000 taxonomists active around the world, so
directors are hoping that All Species will swell their
ranks with amateur naturalists by making classification
technology available to them. Others say the
technological aspects of All Species could help retool
the field's old-fashioned image, which has led to a
cooling of public and private support. (Wired News, 13
March 2002) (Edupage, March 15, 2002)
Assembling the Tree of Life: To construct a phylogeny for
the 1.7 million described species of life [Online].
Accessed 2/18/02: http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2002/
This document is a Request for Proposals from
the National Science Foundation. It is indicative of a
type of project that requires very powerful IT systems.
The following is quoted from the February 2002 RFP:
Synopsis of Program: A flood of new
information, from whole-genome sequences to
inventories of earth's biota, is transforming 21st
century biology. Along with comparative data on
morphology, fossils, development, behavior, and
interactions of all forms of life on earth, these new
data streams make even more critical the need for an
organizing framework for information retrieval,
analysis, and prediction. Phylogeny, the genealogical
map for all lineages of life on earth, provides an
overall framework to facilitate information retrieval
and biological prediction. Currently, single
investigators or small teams of researchers are
studying the evolutionary pathways of heredity within
particular phyla or domains. Assembly of a framework
phylogeny, or Tree of Life, for all 1.7 million
described species requires a greatly magnified effort
by large teams working across institutions and
disciplines. This is the overall goal of the
Assembling the Tree of Life activity. The National
Science Foundation invites research proposals from
multidisciplinary teams to conduct creative and
innovative research that will resolve phylogenetic
relationships for large groups of organisms on the
Tree of Life. Teams of investigators also will be
supported for projects in data acquisition, analysis,
algorithm development and dissemination in
computational phylogenetics and phyloinformatics.
American Meteorological Society (AMS) Educational
Initiatives [Online]. Accessed 2/5/02: http://www.ametsoc.org/amsedu/.
Quoting from the Website:
The AMS goal is that all students become
scientifically literate, enabling them to lead satisfying
and productive lives as contributing members of a
democratic society. To help attain this goal, the AMS:
- provides up-to-date teacher training,
- produces instructional resource materials,
- conducts activities to make the information
highway an avenue for learning,
- promotes minority participation in science.
American Physical Society (APS) [Online].
Accessed 6/22/01: http://www.aps.org/index.html.
APS is a membership society. Publications
available to members include:
PHYSICS TODAY, a monthly magazine published
by the American Institute of Physics (AIP) with news
of physics and articles of interest to the entire
APS NEWS, a newspaper that contains information
about the activities of the Society and its members.
APS News is mailed eleven times a year and is also
available to members on the APS home page
(www.aps.org). Physics News in 2001, an annual summary
of highlights in physics, compiled by the AIP, is
mailed to all APS members.
This site covers many different topics. One topic is
an extensive timeline of progress in physics.
Association for the Education of Teachers in Science
(AETS) [Online]. Accessed 11/18/00: http://www.aets.unr.edu/.
Promoting leadership in, and support for those
involved in, the professional development of teachers of
Beaty, William J. K-12 Science Ed. Resources. Accessed
A very large collection to links to Websites of
possible interest to teachers, students, and others with
an interst in science.
Carnevale, Dan (December 16, 2002). A Virtual Laboratory
Simulates Physics Experiments. The Chronicle of Higher
Education. Accessed 12/17/02: http://chronicle.com/free/2002/12/2002121601t.htm.
Quoting from the Website:
A virtual laboratory under development at the
University of North Carolina at Greensboro aims to let
students experiment with physics concepts without
physically being in a lab.
Computer simulations and graphic animations will
replace equipment and instruments as students go online
to test principles of mechanics, waves, electricity,
magnetism, and optics. The lab is being designed to help
distance-education students satisfy an
introductory-science lab requirement.
Center for Mathematics and Science Teaching
[Online]. Accessed 11/26/00: http://ase.tufts.edu/csmt/.
Since 1986 the Center for Science and
Mathematics Teaching at Tufts University has successfully
addressed a problem that has become a national priority:
improving the teaching and learning of science in the
nation's schools and universities. The Center, directed
by Ronald Thornton, develops curricula, activities, and
computer tools which allow students to participate
actively in their own learning and to construct
scientific knowledge for themselves. Using these
materials the students learn directly from the physical
world. The Center's substantial conceptual-learning
research and evaluation program guides the development of
Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS)
[Online]. Accessed 6/22/01: http://cns.miis.edu/class/hsout/.
Quoting from the Website:
The Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS)
and the Science & Technology Education Program (STEP)
at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)
cooperated to develop the Critical Issues Forum (CIF) to
increase awareness of disarmament and nonproliferation
issues and to engage and recruit the next generation of
The CIF is designed to involve high school students
and teachers in issues of proliferation and control of
weapons of mass destruction. Past CIF modules include: a)
Terrorism in the Nuclear World b) Nonproliferation of
Nuclear Weapons c) The Disposition of Nuclear Materials.
This year, the CIF module will discuss the proliferation
of chemical and biological weapons and terrorism. The CIF
also provides students with instruction and guidance in
research methodologies, including brainstorming,
evaluation of content, synthesis of information, and
writing. CIF emphasizes strategies that can be used with
the Internet. We involve nonproliferation specialists,
scientists, and other professionals from the Monterey
Institute of International Studies, the Lawrence
Livermore National Laboratory, and the Naval Postgraduate
School to ensure accuracy and appropriateness of
Note added by Webmaster 6/22/01: Springfield High
School, located in Springfield, Oregon, is one of the
high schools that has participated in the program
Computational Science Educational Resource Desk
[Online]. Accessed 3/8/02: http://www.shodor.org/cserd/
Quoting from the Website:
The first question usually asked by people who
first hear of Computational Science is, "What is it?".
Put simply, it is using computers to do science.
Computational Science involves the appropriate use of
a computational architecture (possibly a computer,
calculator, abacus, dice, poker chips, etc.) to apply
some algorithm, or method, to solve some scientific
application, or problem. This combination of Application,
Algorithm, and Architecture results in a model, which can
be used as a scientific tool.
Computer Science as a Component of Other Science
Disciplines. (Quoting from Edupage, June 25, 2001)
Today's researchers are compiling and analyzing
an ever-increasing amount of digitized scientific data.
Central databases of scientific knowledge allow
researchers to approach questions from a comprehensive
viewpoint. This has led to the integration of computer
science and other core science fields, such as biology,
said Stephen D. Prince of the University of Maryland,
College Park. Systems biology, for example, focuses on
translating biological functions into mathematical
equations so that scientists can gain perspective on how
their specific focus relates to the whole system. Several
universities, including the University of California at
San Diego, are now offering degrees in the field of
bioinformatics, which concentrates on the interrelation
of scientific research and computer data systems.
(Chronicle of Higher Education, 29 June 2001) (Edupage,
June 25, 2001)
Evaluating Search Engines for Chemistry - II
[Online]. Accessed 4/13/01: http://snyoneab.oneonta.edu/
Quoting from the Website:
Two years ago, a group of senior chemistry
majors at SUNY Oneonta set out to update the work of
Alexander Lebedev (Moscow University), who had created a
web site entitled Best Search Engines for Finding
Scientific Information on the Web. In order to measure
the comprehensiveness of the important WWW search
engines, Lebedev compared the number of hits recorded by
eleven different search engines for eight different
keywords important in physics and/or chemistry.
Unfortunately, he had not revised his results since 1997,
and the rapid rate of change on the WWW suggested that
his results needed to be brought up to date. The results
of this 1999 study were made available as a web page
entitled, "Evaluating WWW Search Engines for Chemistry."
In the past two years, the WWW has continued to change
rapidly. In particular, financial problems have forced
many of the dot.com companies, including those that run
search engines, to cut expenses and reduce staff. There
is also a powerful new search engine, called Google, that
seems to be an excellent choice for scientists. A
preliminary evaluation of Google has been reported, but
Google has not been compared with the other commonly-used
For additional information on Google, see: Search
Engines Fail To Keep Up With Growing Web
Eisenhower National Clearinghouse (ECN) [Online].
Accessed 11/24/02: http://enc.org/.
Quoting from the Website:
The Eisenhower National Clearinghouse's mission
is to identify effective curriculum resources, create
high-quality professional development materials, and
disseminate useful information and products to improve
K-12 mathematics and science teaching and learning.
ENC serves all K-12 educators, parents, and students
with free products and services. Acquires and catalogs
mathematics and science curriculum resources, creating
the most comprehensive collection in the nation. Provides
the best selection of math and science education
resources on the Internet. Supports teachers'
professional development in math, science, and the
effective use of technology. Collaborates with the
Eisenhower Regional Consortia and many other
organizations across the nation to promote education
eNature.com [Online]. Accessed 11/15/01:
Quoting from the Website:
The eNature.com Online Field Guide is a
searchable database for identifying more than 4,000 plant
and animal species of North America. Additional species
and other nature content is constantly added to the
The species accounts are from the best-selling
National Audubon Society Field Guides, Regional Guides,
and Nature Guides, published by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. --
a total of 35 books, with 20 million copies in print. All
of these books are available in the eNature.com Online
Store and at bookstores throughout North America.
Explorer (TM). Accessed 11/24/02: http://unite.ukans.edu/explorer/.
Quolting from the Website:
The Explorer(TM) is a collection of educational
resources (instructional software, lab activities, lesson
plans, student created materials ...) for K-12
mathematics and science education. You may browse through
mathematics and science education curricula (we plan to
expand to other curricula) or conduct searches that focus
on specific interests. Many resources are available in
the Adobe Acrobat format that is readable by Macintosh,
Windows and other OSs. The Explorer is being developed
jointly by the Great Lakes Collaborative and the
University of Kansas UNITE group to involve educators and
students in creating and using multimedia resources for
active learning and "on time" delivery. The U.S.
Department of Education OERI office has supported the
Explorer research and development efforts. The Explorer
was first posted on the World Wide Web on June 21, 1993.
Flick, Larry and Bell, Randy (Summer 2000). Preparing
Tomorrow's Science Teachers to Use Technology: Guidelines
for Science Educators [online]. Accessed 1/23/01:
When this article was published, Larry Flick was
a faculty member at Oregon State University and Randy
Bell was a faculty member at the University of Virginia.
Quoting from the article:
- Technology should be introduced in the context of
- Technology should address worthwhile science with
- Technology instruction in science should take
advantage of the unique features of technology.
- Technology should make scientific views more
- Technology instruction should develop students'
understanding of the relationship between technology
Feynman, Richard (1974). Cargo Cult Science Accessed 2/6/05: http://www.physics.brocku.ca/etc/cargo_cult_science.html.
Richard Feynman was a Nobel Prize winning physicist and a great teacher. The article was a commencement talk at California institute of Technology and also appears in his book, Surely You're Joking Mr. Feynman! In this talk, Feynman talks about science and scientific method in a way that people can understand. Quoting the first two paragraphs:
During the Middle Ages there were all kinds of crazy ideas, such as that a piece of of rhinoceros horn would increase potency. Then a method was discovered for separating the ideaswhich was to try one to see if it worked, and if it didn't work, to eliminate it. This method became organized, of course, into science. And it developed very well, so that we are now in the scientific age. It is such a scientific age, in fact, that we have difficulty in understanding how witch doctors could ever have existed, when nothing that they proposed ever really workedor very little of it did.
But even today I meet lots of people who sooner or later get me into a conversation about UFO's, or astrology, or some form of mysticism, expanded consciousness, new types of awareness, ESP, and so forth. And I've concluded that it's not a scientific world.
Hemphill Home Page, Canby, Oregon [Online].
Accessed 11/25/00: http://www.canby.com/hemphill/.
Rosa Hemphill's Website contains pointers to a
number of IT materials of use to science teachers and
NASA Kids: A Product of Science@NASA [Online].
Accessed 4/25/01: http://kids.msfc.nasa.gov/.
A great Website for kids, their teachers, and
National Science Digital Library. Accessed 11/9/03: http://nsdl.org/render.userLayoutRootNode.uP.This is a project funded by the National science Foundation. Quoting from the project Website:
NSDL is a digital library of exemplary resource collections and services, organized in support of science education at all levels. Starting with a partnership of NSDL-funded projects, NSDL is emerging as a center of innovation in digital libraries as applied to education, and a community center for groups focused on digital-library-enabled science education.
NSDL provides educational resources for science, technology, engineering and mathematics education. The NSDL mission is to both deepen and extend science literacy through access to materials and methods that reveal the nature of the physical universe and the intellectual means by which we discover and understand it.
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA). Accessed 11/9/03: http://www.nsta.org/. Quoting from the Website:
The National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), founded in 1944 and headquartered in Arlington, Virginia, is the largest organization in the world committed to promoting excellence and innovation in science teaching and learning for all. NSTA's current membership of more than 55,000 includes science teachers, science supervisors, administrators, scientists, business and industry representatives, and others involved in and committed to science education.
Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory (NWREL): Mathematics and Science Education Center. Accessed 11/9/03: http://www.nwrel.org/msec/science_inq/index.html.
Quoting from the Website:
Welcome to the NWREL Science Inquiry Model Web site. The Mathematics and Science Education Center developed this model to help K-12 teachers infuse inquiry into their science instruction and curriculum.
Explore this site and learn more about the components of the model, inquiry-based teaching strategies, and resources for teaching and learning. Contact us with your questions and suggestions or to learn more about the model and the professional development services available to schools and districts.
Oregon Science Teachers Association (OSTA)
[Online]. Accessed 11/25/00: http://www.col-ed.org/osta/.
Physics Education Web Sites [Online]. Accessed
A large collection of links to physics education
materials, maintained by the American Physical Society.
Potter, Frank. Frank Potter's Science Gems: Great links
to Great Science Resources. Accessed 11/24/02: http://www.sciencegems.com/.
Quoting from the Website:
For students, parents, teachers, scientists,
engineers and mathematicians. More than 14,000 Science
Resources sorted by Category, Subcategory, and Grade
Project PhysLab 2001 [Online]. Accessed 11/30/00:
This is an excellent site to locate information
about high school physics teaching.
Reference Articles 1997 -Ppresent: [Online].
Accessed 11/21/01: http://www.vernier.com/grants/.
A number of these articles are available online.
The focus is on use of computer technology in
Microcomputer-Based Laboratory settings.
Research Matters to the Science Teacher [Online].
Accessed 11/28/00: http://www.narst.org/research/research.htm.
Contains about 30 research-based articles on
science education, including some that focus on
Sheppards Science Resources. Accessed 11/24/02: http://www.can-do.com/uci/.
This Website includes links to:
- K-12 Web Quests from UCI SSI
- Science Resources by Subject
- Very Useful Links
- Over 1,000 Weather Forecasts
- Careers in Science - Real Science with Real
- Curriculum Resources For Educators
- Search engines, dictionaries, weather and more
- Frank Potter's Science Gems
- Live Weather report from the Discovery Lab
- Netscape Communicator -On-line Course
Science Fair Projects Resource Guide [Online].
Accessed 10/24/01: http://www.ipl.org/youth/projectguide/.
This is a page from the Internet Public Library at the
University of Michigan. Quoting from the Website:
Are you looking for some help with a science
fair project? If so, then you have come to the right
place. The IPL will guide you to a variety of web site
resources, leading you through the necessary steps to
successfully complete a science experiment.
First, you must start off with an understanding of the
Scientific Method. Once you have become familiar with how
to discover the answers to your scientific problems, your
next step involves selecting a topic for your project.
Choosing a topic can often be the hardest part of the
whole process. Sometimes it helps to look at some sample
projects for ideas that you can build upon.
Telescopes in Education (TIE) [Online]. Accessed
from the Website:
Telescopes In Education (TIE) is a NASA
education outreach program sponsored by NASA's High
Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) Learning
Technologies Program (LTP), the NASA Office of Space
Science (OSS), and the NASA Office of Human Resources and
Education. TIE is also supported by JPL space exploration
missions, businesses, and numerous volunteers. Through
Telescopes In Education, students around the world can
remotely control research-quality telescopes and CCD
cameras from a computer in their classroom.
The Oregon Science Teacher (TOST) [Online].
Accessed 11/25/00: http://www.col-ed.org/osta/tost.htm.
The Oregon Science Teacher is published five
times a year and is included as part of the OSTA
membership package. To obtain OSTA membership, send $25
for one year or $20 for one year student/retired to OSTA,
PO Box 20096, Keizer, OR 97307-0096
Vernier Software and Technology [Online].
Accessed 11/28/00: http://www.vernier.com/index.html.
Vernier Software & Technology, 13979 SW
Millikan Way, Beaverton, OR 97005-2886. Vernier is a
"home grown" Oregon company focusing on
Microcomputer-based Laboratory in science education.
Windows to the Universe [Online]. Accessed
Quoting from the Website:
Windows to the Universe is a user-friendly
learning system on the Earth and Space sciences for the
use of the general public. The objective of this project,
funded by NASA, is to develop an innovative and engaging
Website that spans the Earth and Space sciences.
Our goal is to build a site that includes a rich array of
documents, including images, movies, animations, and data
sets, that explore the Earth and Space sciences and the
historical and cultural ties between science,
exploration, and the human experience. Our site is being
developed with the goal of being appropriate for use in
museums and libraries, and to be a resource for students
in their studies of the Earth and Space sciences. The
third release of Windows to the Universe, Version 3, was
March 1, 1997. We will be including updates to Windows to
the Universe on a regular basis, so we invite you to
revisit the site regularly to see our resources grow and